About Xanthos


Xanthos is the Greek name of Arnna, a city that was originally about the Lycian language. Hittite and Luwian name of the city in the inscriptions that Arinna (not to be confused with the nearby Hattusa Arinna) was added. Xanthos is a Greek name, adopted at its Hellenization. The Romans called the city of Xanthos, like all Greek-os suffixes change in America. Xanthos was a center of culture and commerce for the Lycians and later to the Persians, Greeks, Macedonians and Romans, among them, which in turn conquered the city and occupied the adjacent area. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire in the 15th Century the area was Turkish. The ancient city had been abandoned long ago.

As a center of ancient Lycia and place of his greatest ancient Xanthus was a mecca for students of Anatolian civilization since the beginning of 19 Century. The site was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1988.

Xanthos Turkey History

When we speak of the Xanthos valley, we speak of Lycia, an ancient port district in south-western Anatolia. Lycia was along the Mediterranean coast between Caria and Pamphylia, and extends inwardly of the ridge of the Taurus Mountains. The Lycians appear, as far as the 14 Century BC, when they appear in the records of the Egyptians, Hittites, and the people of Ugarit. Their land was then described as caught between the Hittites and Achaeans north coast. Known as Luka, they attended the Sea Peoples "attempt to Egypt in the late 13th century Penetrate, but after this brief flowering of activity they fade after 500 years. They then return to it as a thriving maritime people organized in a league of cities. Neither Phrygia nor Lydia were able to take control of Lycia, but eventually abandoned the country to provide general Harpagus, Cyrus, after a resistance heroic (see Xanthos). Under Achaemenid Persia, and later under the domination of the Romans, Lycia enjoyed relative freedom and was able to maintain its facilities to the government at the time of Augustus. It was AD Roman Pamphylia Annex 43 and became a Roman province after four separate Century. From a tourism perspective, this is the beauty of the Lycian cities they built there on top of things. That the makes it easier to find, and this means that when you get there, the view is generally quite good. Only Lycians died because of the characteristic architecture of the tomb in silence to recognize. The "house" of the graves have been carved into the rock walls surround a symbol of this part of Turkey and the sarcophagi, the sides of the city are also distinctive

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